What are the most type of cancers ? how can we detect them and about treatments of various cancers.
1. Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer after skin cancer.1 out of every 8 women have a chance for breast cancer according to studies.
The main signs of this type of cancer are lump in breast or armpit, change in breast shape or colour, changes in nipple or discharge from nipple. Men can also affect from breast cancer.
If detected early, breast cancer can be treated. Treatments include Surgery, Radiation therapy, Chemotherapy, Hormone therapy, Targeted therapy, Bone-directed therapy etc
2. Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer or carcinoma of the prostate is a common type of cancer that affect prostate gland, a part of male reproductive system. Prostate glands are responsible for semen production.
Symptoms include A need to urinate frequently – especially at night, Difficulty starting urination or holding back urine, Painful ejaculation, Painful or burning urination, Weak or interrupted flow of urine, Difficulty in having an erection, Blood in urine or semen etc
Prostate cancer can be detected through Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test.
Can be treated completely if detected in early stages. Depending on the stage of cancer treatment may be chosen from Surgery, radiation therapy, Cryosurgery (cryotherapy), Hormone therapy, Chemotherapy, Vaccine treatment, Bone-directed treatment etc
3. Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer happens when abnormal growth on the cervix become out of control. The cervix is the lower a portion of the uterus that opens into the vagina. Cervical cancer can frequently be effectively treated when it’s discovered early.
While a few sorts of sexual conduct may prompt this too, the most well-known reason is disease of the cervix with human papillomavirus. Not all HPV’s cause cervical cancer, but some cause genital warts, they are called genital wart virus. A standard Pap test is the perfect path for right on time identification.
Treatments include :
- Radiation therapy with chemotherapy given at the same time.
- Radical hysterectomy and removal of pelvic lymph nodes with or without radiation therapy to the pelvis, plus chemotherapy.
- Radical trachelectomy.
- Chemotherapy followed by surgery.
4. Oral Cancer
Oral cancer comprises of swelling or thickening of lips or lumps that project on the lips. Red or white smooth or spotted patches in the mouth can likewise be a sign as the mouth may begin for apparently no reason.
For prevention, general oral cleanliness is very suggested and additionally consistent checkups. If you are a smoker there is a greater chance of oral cancer.
Treatments include Surgery, Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy, Chemoradiation, Biological therapy etc
5. Skin Cancer
Basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma are the basic sorts of skin cancer and they can be easily visible and so can be easily detected and treated.
Fundamentally it comes down to melanoma or non melanoma to the extent skin malignancy goes.
The non melanoma look like patches on the neck which are translucent. On the off chance that on the mid-section it will be rosy chestnut and as it creates, dried up, draining skin will shape.
The melanoma skin disease will come through in moles, patches and any adjustment in the composition of skin or the shading.
Essentially any changes in skin appearance ought to be taken a care at, even very small change should take seriously.